Bioerosion Bibliography

Marine Bioerosion Bibliography
(No longer maintained; last updated February 27, 2013)

Compiled by Mark A. Wilson (Department of Earth Sciences, The College of Wooster, Wooster, Ohio 44691) with significant contributions from Karl Kleemann, Leif Tapanila, Leslie Eliuk, Tim Palmer, Paul Taylor, Max Wisshak, Gudrun Radtke, Richard Bromley, John Sime and Elizabeth Heise.  Jeff Bowen and Amy Wilson did considerable organization.

Grateful acknowledgment is made to the Donors of the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund for support of this work.

Abbass, H.L., 1973. A monograph on the Egyptian Paleocene and Eocene pelecypods. Egyptian Journal of Geology 16:69-200.

Abdelhamid, M.A.M., 1999. Parasitism, abnormal growth and predation on Cretaceous echinoids from Egypt. Revue de Paleobiologie 18:69-83.

Abel, O., 1935. Vorzeitliche Lebensspuren. Gustav Fischer, Jena, 644 pp.

Abele, L.G., Gilmour, T. and Gilchrist, S., 1983. Size and shape in the Phylum Phoronida. Journal of the Zoological Society of London 200:317-323.

Abletz, V.V., 1993. Trace fossils of Acrothoracica (Cirripedia) from the Eocene of the Krivoy Rog Basin. Paleontological Journal 27:73-80.

Abletz, V.V., 1994. Borings of phoronids from the Eocene of the Ukraine. Paleontological Journal 28:155-160.

Acker, K.L. and Risk, M.J., 1985. Substrate destruction and sediment production by the boring sponge Cliona caribbaea on Grand Cayman Island. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 55:705-711.

Acton, E., 1916. On a new penetrating alga. New Phytologist 15:97-102.

Addicott, W.O., 1963. An unusual occurrence of Tresus nuttalli (Conrad, 1837) (Mollusca: Pelecypoda). The Veliger 5:143-145.

Addink, A.D.F., 1971. Carbonic anhydrase of Sepia officinalis L. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 38B:707-721.

Ager, D.V., Donovan D.T., Kennedy, W.J., McKerrow, W.S., Mudge, D.C. and Sellwood, B.W., 1964. The Cotswold Hills. Geologists’ Association Guides 36:1-34.

Ahr, W.M. and Stanton, R.J., Jr., 1973. The sedimentologic and paleoecologic significance of Lithotrya, a rock-boring barnacle. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 43:20-23.

Aigner, T., 1983. A Pliocene cliff-line around the Giza Pyramids Plateau, Egypt. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 42:313-322. [Note: This shore is probably post-Pliocene; see Hamza, 1983.]

Aitken, A.E. and Risk, M.J., 1988. Biotic interactions revealed by macroborings in Arctic bivalve molluscs. Lethaia 21:339-350.

Akpan, E.B., 1984. Significance of algal borings and Acmaea grazing traces on molluscan shells from Ardyne (West Scotland) postglacial sediments. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 47:233-244.

Akpan, E.B., 1986. Depth distribution of endolithic algae from the Firth of Clay: implications for delineation and subdivision of the photic zone. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 66:269-275.

Akpan, E.B., 1990. Bioerosion of oyster shells in brackish mangrove swamps, Nigeria. Ichnos 1:125-132.

Akpan, E.B., 1991. Palaeoecological significance of Lithophaga borings in Albian stromatolites, SE Nigeria. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 88:185-192.

Akpan, E.B. and Farrow, G.E., 1984. Depth of deposition of Early Holocene raised sediments at Irvine deduced from algal borings in mollusc shells. Scottish Journal of Geology 20:237-247.

Akpan, E.B. and Farrow, G.E., 1984. Shell-boring algae on the Scottish continental shelf: identification, distribution, bathymetric zonation. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Earth Sciences 75:1-12.

Akpan, E.B. and Farrow, G.E., 1985. Shell bioerosion in high-latitude low-energy environments: Firths of Clyde and Lorne, Scotland. Marine Geology 67:139-150.

Akpan, E.B., Farrow, G.E. and Morris, N., 1982. Limpet grazing on Cretaceous algal-bored ammonites. Palaeontology 25:361-367.

Alagarswami K. and Chellam A., 1978. On fouling and boring organisms and mortality of pearl oysters in the farm at Veppalodai, Gulf of Manaar. Indian Journal of Fisheries 23:10-22.

Albertelli, G., Cattaneo-Vietti, R., Franci, G. and Schiaparelli, S., 2005. A nondestructive method to evaluate population structure and bioerosion activity of the boring bivalve Gastrochaena dubia. Journal of Coastal Research 21:383-386.

Alderman, D.J. and Gareth Jones, E.B., 1967. Shell disease of Ostrea edulis L. Nature 216:797-798.

Alderman, D.J. and Gareth Jones, E.B., 1971. Physiological requirements of two marine Phycomycetes, Althornia crouchii and Ostracoblabe implexa. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 57:213-225.

Aleem, A.A., 1950. Phycomycètes marins parasites de Diatomées et d’Algues dans la région de Banyuls-sur-Mer (Pyrénées-Orientales). Vie et Milieu 1:421-440.

Alekseev, A.S. and Endelman, L.G., 1989. Association of ectoparasitic prosobranch gastropods with Upper Cretaceous echinoid Galerites. Fossil and Recent Echinoderm Researches, 166-174. Akademià nauk Éstonskoj SSR, Tallinn.

Alexander, R.R., 1986. Resistance to and repair of shell breakage induced by durophages in Late Ordovician brachiopods. Journal of Paleontology 60:273-285.

Alexander, R.R., 1994. Distribution of pedicle boring traces and the life habit of Late Paleozoic leiorhynchid brachiopods from dysoxic habitats. Lethaia 27:227-234.

Alexander, S.P. and Delaca, T.E., 1987. Feeding adaptations of the foraminiferan Cibicides refulgens living epizoically and parasitically on the Antarctic scallop Admussium colbecki. The Biological Bulletin 173:136-159.

Alexandersson, E.T., 1972. Micritization of carbonate particles: process of precipitation and dissolution in modern shallow-marine sediments. Bulletins of the Geological Institutions , University of Uppsala, New Series 7:201-236.

Alexandersson, E.T., 1975. Marks of unknown carbonate-decomposing organelles in cyanophyte borings. Nature 254:212 + 237-238.

Alexandersson, E.T., 1979. Marine maceration of skeletal carbonates in the Skagerrak, North Sea. Sedimentology 26:845-852.

Aller, R.C., 1982. Carbonate dissolution in nearshore terrigenous muds: the role of physical and biological reworking. Journal of Geology 90:79-95.

Allison, P.A., 1988. Konservat-Lagerstatten: cause and classification. Paleobiology 14:331-344.

Allouc, J., Le Campion-Alsumard, T. and Leung Tack, D., 1996. La bioérosion des substrats magmatiques en milieu littoral: l’exemple de la presqu’ile du Cap Vert (Sénégal Occidental). [Bioerosion of magmatic rocks in a coastal environment: the example of the Cap Vert peninsula (western Senegal).] Geobios 29:485-502.

Almestrand, A., 1967. Taxonomische Studien über Cyanophyceen aus Oxydationsteichen. Aquatic Sciences – Research Across Boundaries 29:199-210.

Al-Thukair, A.A. and Golubic, S., 1991. Five new Hyella species from the Arabian Gulf. Algological Studies 64:167- 197.

Al-Thukair, A.A. and Golubic, S., 1991. New endolithic cyanobacteria from the Arabian Gulf. I. Hyella immanis sp. nov. Journal of Phycology 27:766-780.

Al-Thukair, A.A. and Golubic, S., 1996. Characterization of Hyella caespitosa var. arbuscula var. nov. (Cyanophyta, Cyanobacteria) from shoaling ooid sand grains, Arabian Gulf. Nova Hedwigia 112:83-91.

Al-Thukair, A.A., Golubic, S. and Rosen, G., 1994. New euendolithic Cyanobacteria from the Bahama Bank and the Arabian Gulf: Hyella racemus sp. nov. Journal of Phycology 30:764-769.

Al-Thukair, A.A. and Green, J., 1988. New endolithic taxa in modern and ancient (late Proterozoic) shallow water marine environments. Journal of Phycology, Supplement, 24:12.

Alwany, M.A., Thaler, E. and Stachowitsch, M., 2009. Parrotfish bioerosion on Egyptian Red Sea reefs. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 371:170-176.

Amano, K., 2003. Predatory gastropod drill holes in upper Miocene cold seep bivalves, Hokkaido, Japan. Veliger 46:90-96.

Amano, K., 2006. Temporal pattern of naticid predation on Glycymeris yessoensis (Sowerby) during the late Cenozoic in Japan. Palaios 21:369-375.

Amor, A., Armengol, M.F.L., Rodriguez, A.M.I. and Traversa, L.P., 1991. Intertidal endolithic fauna and its relationship to the mineralogical, physical and chemical characteristics of the substrate. Marine Biology 111:271-280.

Anagnostidis, K. and Pantazidou, A., 1982. Taxonomic studies on some marine endolithic blue-green algae from the Aegean Sea. Bot. Cron. 2:185-186.

Anagnostidis, K. and Pantazidou, A., 1985. Cyanosaccus aegaeus n. sp., a new marine endolithic cyanophyte from the Aegean Sea, Hellas (Greece). Algological Studies 38/39:105-114.

Anagnostidis, K. and Pantazidou, A., 1988. Cyanosaccus atticus sp. nov., a new marine euendolithic chroococcoid cyanophyte in relation to the epilithic Poducapsa Erceg. Algological Studies, 48:279-302.

Anderson, J.W. and Reish, D.J., 1967. The effect of varied dissolved oxygen concentrations and temperature on the wood-boring isopod genus Limnoria. Marine Biology, 1:56-59.

Anderson, L.C., Geary, D.H., Nehm, R.H. and Allmon, W.D., 1991. A comparative study of naticid gastropod predation on Varicorbula caloosae and Chione cancellata, Plio-Pleistocene of Florida, U.S.A. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 85:29-46.

Andersson, K.A., 1979. Early lithification of limestones in the Redwater Shale Member of the Sundance Formation (Jurassic) of southeastern Wyoming. Contributions to Geology, University of Wyoming 18:1-17.

André, M. and Lamy, E., 1933. Crustacés xylophages et lithophages. Bulletin de l’Institut océanographique de Monaco 626:1-23.

Andrews, C. and Williams, R.B.G., 2000. Limpet erosion of chalk shore platforms in Southeast England. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 25:1371-1381.

Annandale, N., 1915. The Indian boring sponges of the family Clionidae. Rec. Indian Mus. 11:1-24.

Ansell, A.D., 1970. Boring and burrowing mechanisms in Petricola pholadiformis Lamarck. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 4:211-220.

Ansell, A.D. and Nair, N.B., 1969. A comparative study of bivalves which bore mainly by mechanical means. American Zoologist 9:857-868.

Antonioli, F. and Oliverio, M., 1996. Holocene sea-level rise recorded by a radiocarbon-dated mussel in a submerged speleotherm beneath the Mediterranean Sea. Quaternary Research 45:241-244.

Antonius, A., 1981. The “band” diseases in coral reefs. Proceedings of the 4th International Coral Reef Symposium 2:7-14.

Anwar, A.A., 1957. Succession of marine fouling organisms on test panels immersed in deep-water at la Jolla, California. Hydrobiologia 11:40-58.

Aoki, H. and Maekado, A., 2006. Formation of limestone shore platforms; a study from Cape Hedo, Okinawa Island. Chikei = Transactions – Japanese Geomorphological Union 27:461-475.

Appana S.D. and Vuki, V.C., 2003. A novel method of assessing bioerosion by the sea urchin Echinometra sp. A on a Fijian reef. South Pacific Journal of Natural Science 21:25- 30.

Appukuttan, K.K., 1978. On Lithophaga (Diberus) bisulcata, a mytilid borer causing damage to the commercially important gastropod shells. Indian Journal of Fisheries 23:194-200.

Arnaud, P.M. and Thomassin, B.A., 1976. First records and adaptive significance of boring into a free-living scleractinian coral (Heteropsammia michelini) by a date mussel (Lithophaga lessepsiana). The Veliger 18:367-374.

Arnaud, P.M. and Zibrowius, H., 1973. Capsules ovigères de gastéropodes turridae et corrosion du squelette des scléractiniaires bathyaux des Acores. Revista da Faculdade de Ciências (Universidade de Lisboa), 2ª série, C – Ciências Naturais, 17:581-599.

Arnold, J.M. and Arnold, K.O., 1969. Some aspects of hole-boring predation by Octopus vulgaris. American Zoologist 9:991-996.

Aronson, R.B. and Precht, W.F., 1997. Stasis, biological disturbance, and community structure of a Holocene coral reef. Paleobiology 23:326-346.

Arua, I. and Hoque, M., 1989. Study of the shape of naticid and muricid borings in plan view in Eocene prey from southeastern Nigeria. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 72:357-362.

Asgaard, U. and Bromley, R.G., 1999., Bioerision: den forste internationale workshop holdt pa Bornholm. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark 45:13.

Asgaard U. and Bromley, R.G., 1973. Sporfossiler fra den Mellem Miocaene transgression I Soby-Fasterholt området. Dansk Geologisk Forening Arsskrift for 1973:11-19.

Asgaard, U. and Bromley, R.G., 2008. Echinometrid sea urchins, their trophic styles and corresponding bioerosion, p. 279-304. In: Wisshak, M. and Tapanila, L. (eds.), Current Developments in Bioerosion. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Ausich, W.I. and Gurrola, R.A., 1979. Two boring organisms in a lower Mississippian community of southern Indiana. Journal of Paleontology 53:335-344.

Ávila, S.P., Madeira, P., Zazo, C., Kroh, A., Kirby, M., da Silva, C.M., Cachão, M. and de Frias Martins, A.M., 2009. Palaeoecology of the Pleistocene (MIS 5.5) outcrops of Santa Maria Island (Azores) in a complex oceanic tectonic setting. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 274:18-31.

Avnimelech, M., 1955. Occurrence of fossil Phoronidea-like tubes in several geological formations in Israel. Research Council of Israel, Series B, 5:174-177.

Baarli, B.G., Santos, A., da Silva, C.M., Ledesma-Vázquez, J., Mayoral, E., Cachão, M. and Johnson, M.E., 2012. Diverse Macroids and Rhodoliths from the Upper Pleistocene of Baja California Sur, Mexico.  Journal of Coastal Research 28:296-305.

Babcock, L.E., 1993. Trilobite malformations and the fossil record of behavioral asymmetry. Journal of Paleontology 67:217-229.

Babic, L. and Zupanic, J., 2000. Borings in mobile clasts from Eocene conglomerates of northern Dalmatia (coastal Dinarides, Croatia). Facies 42:51-57.

Bachmann, E., 1915. Kalklösende Algen. Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft 33:45-57.

Bachmann, E., 1916. Ein kalklösender Pilze. Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft 34:581-591.

Baird, G.C. and Fürsich, F.T., 1975. Taphonomy and biologic progression associated with submarine erosion surfaces from the German Lias. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte 1975:321-338.

Baird, G.C., Brett, C.E. and Tomlinson, J.T., 1990. Host-specific acrothoracic barnacles on Middle Devonian platyceratid gastropods. Historical Biology 4:221-244.

Bak, R.P.M., 1990. Patterns of echinoid bioerosion in two Pacific coral reef lagoons. Marine Ecology Progress Series 66:267-272.

Bak, R.P.M., 1994. Sea urchin bioerosion on coral reefs: Place in the carbonate budget and relevant variables. Coral Reefs 13:99-103.

Bak, R.P.M., Carpay, M.J.E. and de Ruyter van Steveninck, E.D., 1984.Densities of the sea urchin Diadema antillarum before and after mass mortalities on the coral reefs of Curacao. Marine Ecology Progress Series 17:105-108.

Bak, R.P.M. and Laane, R.W.P.M., 1987. Annual black bands in skeletons of reef corals (Scleractinia). Marine Ecology Progress Series 38:169-175.

Balog, J.S., 1996. Boring Thallophytes in some Permian and Triassic reefs: bathymetry and bioerosion, p. 305-309. In: Reitner, J., Neuweiler, F. and Gunkel, F. (eds.), Global and regional controls on biogenic sedimentation. 1. Reef evolution research reports. Göttinger Arbeiten für Geologie und Paläontologie, Research Reports, Sb2.

Balog, J.S., 1997. Mikroendolithen im Capitan Riff Konplex (New Mexico, USA). Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 201:47-55.

Balog, J.S. and Rudolf, H., 1997. Vergleich von Verteilungsmustern permischer und triadischer Endolithen-Vergesellschaftungen und ihre Aussagekraft bezueglich paloekologischer Faktoren (Comparison of Permian and Triassic endolith assemblages distribution patterns and their reflection of paleoecological factors). Terra Nostra 97:23.

Baluk, W. and Radwanski, A., 1967. Organic communities and facies development of the Korytnica Basin (Middle Miocene; Holy Cross Mountains, central Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica 17:85-123.

Baluk, W. and Radwanski, A., 1979. Additional data on the organic communities and facies development of the Korytnica Basin (Middle Miocene; Holy Cross Mountains, central Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica 29:225-238.

Baluk, W. and Radwanski, A., 1979. Boring ctenostomate bryozoans from the Korytnica Clays (Middle Miocene; Holy Cross Mountains, Central Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica 29:243-252.

Baluk, W. and Radwanski, A., 1991. A new occurrence of fossil acrothoracican cirripedes: Trypetesa polonica sp. n. in hermitted gastropod shells from the Korytnica Basin (Middle Miocene; Holy Cross Mountains, Central Poland), and its bearing on behavioral evolution of the genus Trypetesa. Acta Geologica Polonica 41:1-36.

Baluk, W. and Radwanski, A., 1996. Stomatopod predation upon gastropods from the Korytnica Basin, and from other classical Miocene localities in Europe. Acta Geologica Polonica 46:279-304.

Banner, F.T., 1971. A new genus of the Planorbulinidae, an endoparasite of another foraminifera. Revista Espanola De Micropaleontologia 3:113-128.

Barbieri, M., Bavestrello, G. and Sara, M., 1995. Morphological and ecological differences in two electrophoretically detected species of Cliona (Porifera, Demospongiae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 54:193-200.

Barbosa, S.S., Byrne, M. and Kelaher, B.P., 2008. Bioerosion caused by foraging of the tropical chiton Acanthopleura gemmata at One Tree Reef, southern Great Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs 27:635-639.

Barkati, S. and Asif, M., 1984. Reproductive cycle and sex ratio of the date mussel Lithophaga nigra (d’Orbigny). Pakistan Journal of Zoology 16:1-7.

Barnacle, J.E. and Cookson, L.J., 1995. Treated eucalypt and pine sapwood after 25 years in the sea. Part II. Major effect of wood type on the efficacy of some waterbourne preservatives. Journal of the Institute of Wood Science 13:543-558.

Barnacle, J.E., Cookson, L.J. and McEvoy, C.N., 1987. Limnoria quadripunctata Holthius — a threat to copper-treated wood. Material und Organismen 22:7-24.

Barnes, H. and Klepal, W., 1976. The transmission of radiation through cirripede shells: its relation to the penetration of endolithic algae and photic responses. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 21:235-248.

Barnes H. and Topinka, J.A., 1969. Effect of the nature of the substratum and the force required to detach a common littoral alga. American Zoologist 9:753-758.

Barrier, P. and D’Alessandro, A., 1985. Structures biogéniques et physiques dans les Sables de Pavigliana, Reggio Calabria (Italie). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 91:379-408.

Barrows, A.L., 1917. Geological significance of fossil rock-boring animals. Geological Society of America Bulletin 28:965-972.

Barrows, A.L., 1917. An unusual extension of the distribution of the shipworm in San Francisco Bay, California. University of California Publications in Zoology 18:27-43.

Barrows, A.L., 1919. The occurrence of a rock-boring isopod along the shore of San Francisco Bay, California. University of California Publications in Zoology 19:299-316.

Barthel, K.W., 1982. Lithophaga obesa (Philippi) reef-dwelling and cementing pelecypod – a survey of its boring. Proceedings 4th International Coral Reef Symposium 2:649-659.

Bartsch, P. and Rehder, H.A., 1945. The West Atlantic boring mollusks of the genus Martesia. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 104:1-16.

Bassi, D., Humblet, M. and Iryu, Y., 2011. Recent ichnocoenosis in deep water macroids, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Palaios 26: 232-238.

Bassler, R.S., 1952. Fossil and recent Bryozoa. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 42:381-385.

Basso, D., Nalin, R. and Nelson, C.S., 2009. Shallow-water Sporolithon rhodoliths from North Island (New Zealand). Palaios 24:92-103.

Batters, E.A.L., 1892. On Conchocelis, a new genus of perforating algae. Phycol. Mem. 1:25-29.

Batters, E.A.L., 1902. A catalogue of the British marine algae. Journal of Botany British and Foreign 40 (Supplement):1-101.

Batham, E.J. and Tomlinson, J.T., 1965. On Cryptophialus melampygos Berndt, a small boring barnacle of the order Acrothoracica abundant in some New Zealand molluscs. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand Zoology 7:141-154.

Bather, F.A., 1909. Fossil representation of the lithodomous worm Polydora. Geological Magazine 6:108-110.

Bathurst, R.G.C., 1966. Boring algae, micrite envelopes, and lithification of molluscan biosparites. Geological Journal 5:15-32.

Bathurst, R.G.C., 1967. Depth indicators in sedimentary carbonates. Marine Geology 5:447-471.

Bathurst, R.G.C., 1977. Ordovician Meiklejohn bioherm, Nevada. Geological Magazine 114:308-311.

Batten Hender, K.L. and Dix, G.R., 2006. Facies, geometry and geological significance of Late Ordovician (early Caradocian) coral bioherms; Lourdes Formation, western Newfoundland. Sedimentology 53:1361-1379.

Battlori, J. and Martinell, J., 1992. Actividad predadora en moluscos del mioceno del Penedes (Catalunya). Revista Española de Paleontogía 7:24-30.

Bauer, J.C., 1980. Observations on geographical variations in population density of the echinoid Diadema antillarumwithin the western North Atlantic. Bulletin of Marine Science 30:509-515.

Baumfalk, Y.A., Fortuin, A.R. and Mok, R.P., 1982. Talpinella cunicularia n. gen., n. sp., a possible foraminiferal parasite of Late Cretaceous Orbitoides. Journal of Foraminiferal Research 12:185-196.

Baumiller, T.K., 1990. Non-predatory drilling of Mississippian crinoids by platyceratid gastropods. Palaeontology 33:743-748.

Baumiller, T.K., 1993. Boreholes in Devonian blastoids and their implications for boring by platyceratids. Lethaia 26:41-47.

Baumiller, T.K., 1996. Boreholes in the Middle Devonian blastoid Heteroschisma and their implications for gastropod drilling. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 123:343-351.

Baumiller, T.K., Leighton, L.R. and Thompson, D.L., 1999. Boreholes in Mississippian spiriferide brachiopods and their implications for Paleozoic gastropod drilling. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 147:283-289.

Baumiller, T.K. and Macurda, D.B., 1995. Borings in Devonian and Mississippian blastoids (Echinodermata). Journal of Paleontology 69:1084-1089.

Baumiller, T., Marinovic, J.C., Tuura, M.E., Damstra, E.S. and Miller, D.J., 2010. Signs of boring predation on Middle Devonian hyolithids from the Michigan Basin. Palaios 25:636-641.

Becker, G., 1959. Biological investigations of marine borers in Berlin-Dahlem, p. 62-77. In: Ray, D.L. (ed.), Marine fouling and boring organisms. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Becker, G., 1971. On the biology, physiology and ecology of marine wood-boring crustaceans, p. 304-326. In: Jones, E.B.G. and Eltringham, S.K. (eds.), Marine borers, fungi and fouling. Paris: Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development.

Belaústegui, Z., de Gibert, J.M., Domènech, R., Muniz, F. and Martinell, J., 2012. Clavate borings in a Miocene cetacean skeleton from Tarragona (NE Spain) and the fossil record of marine bone bioerosion.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 323-325:68-74.

Belaústegui, Z., de Gibert, J.M., Nebelsick, J.H., Domènech, R. and Martinell, J., 2013. Clypeasteroid echinoid tests as benthic islands for gastrochaenid bivalve colonization: evidence from the Middle Miocene of Tarragona, north-east Spain. Palaeontology (in press).

Bellwood, D.R., 1995. Direct estimate of bioerosion by two parrotfish species, Chlorurus gibbus and C. sordidus, on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Marine Biology 121:419-429.

Bellwood, D.R., 1995. Carbonate transport and within-reef patterns of bioerosion and sediment release by parrotfishes (family Scaridae) on the Great Barrier Reef. Marine Ecology Progress Series 117:127-136.

Bellwood, D.R., 1996. Production and reworking of sediment by parrotfishes (family Scaridae) on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Marine Biology 125:795-800.

Bellwood, D.R. and Choat, J.H., 1990. A functional analysis of grazing in parrot fishes (family Scaridae): the ecological implications. Environmental Biology of Fishes 28:189-214.

Bellwood, D.R., Hoey, A.S. and Hughes, T.P., 2011. Human activity selectively impacts the ecosystem roles of parrotfishes on coral reefs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.1906.

Benac, C., Bakran-Petricioli, T. and Juracic, M., 2004. Submerged tidal notches in the Rijeka Bay NE Adriatic Sea; indicators of relative sea-level change and of recent tectonic movements. Marine Geology 212:21-33.

Bengtson, S. and Zhao, Y., 1992. Predatorial borings in late Precambrian mineralized exoskeletons. Science 257:367-369.

Benner, J.S., Ekdale, A.A. and de Gibert, J.M., 2004. Macroborings (Gastrochaenolites) in Lower Ordovician hardgrounds of Utah: sedimentologic, paleoecologic, and evolutionary implications. Palaios 19:543-550.

Benner, J.S., Ekdale, A.A. and de Gibert, J.M., 2008. Enigmatic organisms preserved in early Ordovician macroborings, western Utah, USA, p. 55-64. In: Wisshak, M. and Tapanila, L. (eds.), Current Developments in Bioerosion. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Bentis, C.J., Kaufman, L. and Golubic, S., 2000. Endolithic fungi in reef-building corals (Order, Scleractinia) are common, cosmopolitan, and potentially pathogenic. The Biological Bulletin 198:254-260.

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Marine Bioerosion Bibliography

Compiled by Mark A. Wilson (Department of Geology, The College of Wooster, Wooster, Ohio 44691; with significant contributions from Karl Kleemann, Leif Tapanila, Leslie Eliuk, Tim Palmer, Paul Taylor, Max Wisshak, Gudrun Radtke, Richard Bromley, John Sime and Elizabeth Heise.  Jeff Bowen and Amy Wilson did considerable organization.

Grateful acknowledgment is made to the Donors of the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund for support of this work.